Parvovirus is a diseases caused by a highly contagious and deadly virus. Dogs are normally infected with this virus when they come into contact with contaminated feces. Dogs are usually vaccinated for this disease, so young puppies are usually affected. Keep reading to learn all about parvovirus in canines.
Dogs with parvovirus begin to display symptoms within ten days of being exposed to the virus. The virus can affect the cardiac or intestinal systems. When the disease affects the intestines, common signs include severe bloody vomiting and canine diarrhea. Dehydration is a concern when diarrhea and vomiting occur at the same time.
If the virus attacks the intestinal tract, it may damage the intestinal lining. Damage to the intestinal lining may cause loss of proteins and may lead to anemia in canines. In worst cases, the damage to the lining can allow toxins to enter the bloodstream. The cardiac form of this disease causes symptoms such as cardiovascular and respiratory failure.
Canine parvovirus is diagnosed partly based on symptoms displayed by your dog. Your dog will also need to submit a stool sample to check for the presence of the virus. If your has been vaccinated within two weeks, a false positive can occur. To make diagnosis even more difficult, dogs can also have a false negative if the test is done too late or too early in the progression of the disease. The most definitive method of diagnosis is usually a complete blood count.
It’s best that treatment for this disease begin as soon as possible. Electrolytes and fluids will be administered to help prevent dehydration. Diarrhea and vomiting can also be limited with medication. Secondary infections can become a problem with parvovirus, so antibiotics may also be prescribed. Some dogs also require blood transfusions to deal with anemia.
There is no cure for canine parvovirus. These medications and treatments only provide support until the immune system kicks in and fights the virus. However, without these treatments, dogs can easily die from dehydration.
Dogs can be affected by many different diseases. Fortunately, dog-illnesses.com provides a wealth of information on a range of these conditions. Click over right now.
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