As well as other pets, dogs are infectious-prone. The most dangerous infectious diseases are rabies, Aujeszky’s disease, distemper, parvovirus enteritis, viral hepatitis, leptospirosis and tetanus. Invasive illnesses are helminthoses and invasion of the body by various ectoparasites (for example, fleas), non-contagious illnesses are diarrhoeia, rachitis, poisonings, vitamin hypovitaminosis, etc. Dog’s owner should have minimum knowledge about normal physiological condition of an animal, because he must be able to render it first pre-medical aid, to see symptoms of an illness.
Sometimes you can see the so-called forced (obsessive) movements, when your dog mills around in the same direction (manege movements), involuntary spasm (tic). The most essential symptom of illness is dry and hot nose. If your dog fell ill, you can see conjunctivitis, cough, diseases of the throat, changes in the character of excrements (color, consistence, quantity and frequency), bad appetite, rise or fall of temperature (normal temperature is 37,5 – 39°C), changes in frequency of breath and pulse.
For rendering first-aid or doing something by prescriptions of your veterinary surgeon, you must complete first-aid set which should contain all the most common medicines.
Powders, pills, tablets, capsules are given directly to the mouth cavity of a dog or with food. In the first case, the owner makes a dog sit down, opens its mouth and places a medicine as deep as possible, trying to get it to the root of the tongue. Then clutch the dog’s mouth by one hand for 1-2 minutes, and by another hand pat its neck in the line of gullet. If you failed to give a medicine like this, mix it with food.
Rub ointments in the cleaned skin from which you must shear hair beforehand. Watch that ointment doesn’t get into your pet’s eyes, smearing skin on the head. If you need to give your dog some liquid medical substance, fill up the corner of a mouth with this solution or tincture. You can do this with a spoon or a syringe. Pour only10 -15 ml and break between separate portions, because your dog needs time to swallow a liquid and not choke over.
How to take the temperature? Shake up the thermometer; smear its working end by Vaseline. Take a dog in your arms. Raise a tail by your left hand and gingerly by rotatory movements place it into a rectum. Wait for 5 minutes. After the procedure wash your thermometer with warm water with soap and disinfect it with a spirit or a cologne. Measurements must be taken at the same time (in the morning and in the evening).
Guarantee of dog’s health, besides good care and feeding, is also an exception of contact with stray dogs; preventive inoculations against infectious diseases, first of all against rabies and distemper, regular veterinary examination of an animal.
Pets are not just “alive” beings that live with us, pet are far beyond that notions. And you are really responsible for them. Those of you who have dogs, must know info about dog health. This is not a bizarre statement, this is what your pet really needs from you.
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Search Google and other search engines. Visit social networks and check the accounts that are relevant to your topic. Go to the niche forums and participate in the discussion. All this will help you to create a true vision of this market. Thus, giving you a real opportunity to make a wise and nicely balanced decision.
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