The Truth About Three Types Of Diabetes In Dogs

Dogs can develop different types of diabetes. Your dog can develop mellitus, insipidus, or gestational diabetes. The most common form is diabetes mellitus. Here’s a look at the different types.

Diabetes Mellitus

Dog diabetes mellitus is one of the first types of diabetes. It occurs when your dog’s body doesn’t use insulin effectively or just doesn’t produce enough of it. Insulin, which is secreted by the pancreas, is responsible for regulating glucose. Symptoms of canine diabetes mellitus include increased urination and thirst, dehydration, and loss of appetite.

Dogs with this condition need daily insulin injections. Your dog will also need to be fed a special diet. A diet that is high in protein and fiber is usually best. The diet should also consist of foods with minimum fat and carbohydrates. Daily exercise is also a good idea.


Pregnant dogs sometimes develop gestational diabetes. This form of diabetes occurs for the same reasons as the mellitus variety. The mellitus form produces the same symptoms as this form of diabetes. To control this disease, your dog would need daily exercise, proper diet, and injections of insulin. This form of diabetes usually goes away after the pregnancy is over.

Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes insipidus in canines is the final form. Dogs develop this condition when they can’t retain water. This disease, which comes in two forms called central and nephrogenic, is quite rare. The central form occurs when the pituitary gland doesn’t produce enough of the anti-diuretic hormone called vasopressine. Central canine diabetes insipidus can be caused by congenital defect or disease of the pituitary gland or hypothalamus. Dogs will have to take desmopressin to treat this problem.

The nephrogenic form occurs when the kidneys don’t respond to vasopressine. Kidney disease or trauma, congenital defect, or certain medications can cause this form. Anti-inflammatory drugs and diuretics are usually used to treat this form.

All owners should know a little something about various diseases that can affect their dog. Fortunately, provides a wealth of information on a range of these conditions. Click over right now.

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